Knowledge About Thiruvalla Copper Plates

Thiruvalla copper plates, also known as the Huzur Treasury Plates, are a collection of medieval temple committee resolutions found at the Sreevallabha Temple, Thiruvalla, Kerala. The collection of plates, engraved in old Malayalam language in Vattezhuthu with some Grantha characters, can be dated to 10th and 11th centuries AD.

The collection consist of forty three plates with writing on both sides, but more than half a dozen plates are missing. The contents of the copper plates belong to different periods. The plates were collected, rearranged and edited at a late date. The plates are considered as a treasure trove of information about medieval temple rituals, deities, festivals, castes, professions, personal names, plot names, and prices.

The plates were first published in Travancore Archaeological Series by T. A. Gopinatha Rao, under the title "The Huzur Treasury Plates". They were originally kept in the Sreevallabha Temple, Thiruvalla (now with Archeological Department of Kerala).

• Other Related Knowledge of name plates

Habitat of name plates

Though lizards of the genus Acanthodactylus prefer dry and sparsely vegetated regions, they are not strictly tied to an arid terrain; so it is not uncommon to come across them in various environments.


Behaviour of name plates

FeedingLike all prions, the slender-billed eat zooplankton, by filtering it through their bill.

ReproductionThey are annual breeders and will lay one egg. Both parents will then incubate the egg and care for the young until they fledge.


Ecology of name plates

The feeding habits of the orange sun star are not well known, but examination of the stomach contents has found the remains of sea cucumbers and of the blood star, (Henricia leviuscula). In Japan, it feeds on the sea urchin Strongylocentrotus nudus and the northern Pacific seastar (Asterias amurensis).


Growth and morphology of name plates

Aspergillus neoauricomus has been cultivated on both Czapek yeast extract agar (CYA) plates and Malt Extract Agar Oxoid (MEAOX) plates. The growth morphology of the colonies can be seen in the pictures below.

Aspergillus neoauricomus growing on CYA plate

Aspergillus neoauricomus growing on MEAOX plate


Appearance of name plates

The holotype and only specimen is 220 millimetres (8.7in) long. It depicts a fusiform animal similar in anatomy to Enchodus, with a series of small dorsally placed plates on the roof of its head


Classification of genus Rhoptropus of name plates

The following species are recognized:

Rhoptropus afer W. Peters, 1869 Namib day gecko

Rhoptropus barnardi Hewitt, 1926 Barnard's Namib day gecko

Rhoptropus benguellensis Mertens, 1938 Benguela day gecko

Rhoptropus biporosus V. FitzSimons, 1957

Rhoptropus boultoni K.P. Schmidt, 1933 Boulton's Namib day gecko

Rhoptropus bradfieldi Hewitt, 1935

Rhoptropus diporus Haacke, 1965

Rhoptropus montanus Laurent, 1964 mountain day gecko

Rhoptropus taeniostictus Laurent, 1964


Habitat and behavior of name plates

It is semiaquatic, spending most of its time on the edge of permanent bodies of water such as swamps, ponds, lakes, or slow-moving streams. It is fast-moving and an excellent swimmer


CommunitiesPolitics of name plates

Lincoln County voters generally vote Republican. In only three national elections since 1916 has the county selected the Democratic Party candidate, most recently in 1964 in the midst of Lyndon B. Johnson's national landslide victory


The park of name plates

The park of Prado, known as Parque Prado is an important venue for the citizens of Montevideo. attractions are Rosedal, a rose garden, fountains, and monuments. Miguelete Creek flows through the park.

Part of the park is the "Rural del Prado", an exposition centre and fairgrounds.


Discoveries of name plates

During his active life as an astronomer, Hoffmeister discovered approximately 10,000 variable stars on the more than 100,000 photographic plates taken at Sonneberg Observatory. The Minor Planet Center credits him with the discovery of 5 asteroids between 1938 and 1963. He also co-discovered C/1959 O1, a hyperbolic comet, in 1957.



Taxonomy of name plates

Originally described in 1905, Crotalus willardi is the most recent rattlesnake species to be discovered in the United States. Five subspecies are currently recognized, including the nominate subspecies, Crotalus willardi willardi, described here. C. w. willardi is commonly known as the Arizona ridge-nosed rattlesnake, and is the state reptile of Arizona.


People of name plates

Sevil Atasoy, a Turkish forensic scientist and immediate past president of the UN International Narcotics Control Board

Sevil Sabanc (born 1973), a Turkish businesswoman who is a member of the Sabanc family in third generation

Sevil Shhaideh, Romanian politician

Sevil Soyer, a Turkish artist


Extraction of name plates

Not all bamboo stems contain tabasheer. Likely candidates are found by shaking bamboo stems, which can make the mineralized tabasheer inside produce a rattling sound. These stems are split open to extract the tabasheer.


Wanganui United of name plates

In 2009 the team entered a partnership with local rivals Wanganui City to form a top level team, Wanganui United, with both clubs feeding the squad. The idea behind this was to push the level of football in Wanganui. The idea was short-lived; after the 2010 season Wanganui United disbanded, with the players released back to their respective clubs.


Cast of name plates

Harry Secombe ... Vicar Rhubarb

Eric Sykes ... Police Inspector Rhubarb

Jimmy Edwards ... Police Constable Rhubarb

Kenneth Connor ... Mr Rhubarb

Ann Lancaster ... Mrs Rhubarb

Hattie Jacques ... Nurse Rhubarb

Anastasia Penington ... Baby Rhubarb

Graham Stark ... Golfer Rhubarb

Sheree Winton ... Lady Pupil Rhubarb

Gordon Rollings ... Artist Rhubarb

Johnny Speight ... Gents Rhubarb


Nomenclature of name plates

The name Pristiterebra is not available (no description, no type species designation) from Taki & Oyama, 1954 (Palaeontological Society of Japan, Special Papers 2: 28). It was given precedence over the simultaneously published Laeviacus by First Reviser's choice by Terryn & Holford, 2009, Visaya, suppl. 3; 46


Image gallery of name plates

Vepriai church from the south-east

Vepriai churchyard

Festival of Pentecost in Vepriai

Jonins feast in Vepriai

View of Vepriai in the 70s

Bar Confederation chapel

One of the monuments in Vepriai

Iron gates in Vepriai Way of the Cross


Coaching, scouting and front office career of name plates

In 2008, he was a scout for the San Diego Padres. In January 2009, he was named a quality assurance coach for the Tampa Bay Rays.

On November 23, 2009, Greene joined the Seattle Mariners as a Major League scout. In 2013 he then became the Special Assistant to the General Manager, handling trades and acquisitions for the Arizona Diamondbacks.


In popular culture of name plates

In the comic strip Garfield, Jon states that Demian is his hero.

In the colombian novel Antes del Juglar, the author makes a fictional narrative about the making of the accordion, taking Cyrill Demian's son, Guido Demian, as central character.


Cladogram of name plates

Staffordiidae is considered a sister group of all other families in the limacoid clade.

The following cladogram shows the phylogenic relationships of this family and superfamily to the other families within the limacoid clade:


Infraspecific taxa of name plates

There are two subspecies:

Afrotyphlops schlegelii schlegelii (W. Peters, 1860)

Afrotyphlops schlegelii petersii (Bocage, 1873)Nota bene: A trinomial authority in parentheses indicates that the subspecies was originally described in a genus other than Afrotyphlops.


Names and taxonomy of name plates

A superseded synonym of the genus is Leocrates. Its parent group is Hesionini, a tribe in the subfamily Hesioninae.

The three known species include L. kimuraorum, L. ehlersi, and L. filamentosus.

The Japanese name of Leocratides is hanakago-otohime-gokai-zoku.


Historical Significance of name plates

The donees are individually named as is their caste affiliation: brhmaa, katriya, vaiya or dra. This is one of the first inscriptions in India to specifically list the four vara-s. The implications of this are explored by Michael Willis in his book The Archaeology of Hindu Ritual.



Variations of name plates

Some sources differentiate between double leg, Dvi Pada Pavanamuktasana (dvi "two", pada "leg"), and single leg, Eka Pada Pavanamuktasana (eka "one", pada "leg") forms.

Salamba Eka Pada Pavanamuktasana is Supported One-Legged Wind-Relieving Pose.


Fate of name plates

As a result, the Cohoes was laid up at League Island Navy Yard, in 1867. Her name was changed to Charybdis on 15 June 1869 and back to Cohoes on 19 August 1869. She was sold in July 1874


Development of name plates

During development many Solenogastres are covered by a spiny scleritome comprising spines or scale-like plates; this has been likened to the halwaxiid scleritome.

Sclerites of Epimenia start out solid before developing a hollow stem that subsequently solidifies.


Personal life of name plates

Doppelmayr married Susanna Maria Kellner in 1716. The couple had four children of whom one survived. Doppelmayr became a member of several scientific societies, notably the Berlin Academy, the Royal Society in 1733, and the St. Petersburg Academy of Sciences (1740).


Family of name plates

He married Jeanne Angelique Martin de Martin.

His youngest son, also named Jean-Joseph Sue (17601830), was a noted anatomist and the grandfather of novelist Eugene Sue (18041857).

His eldest son, Pierre Sue FRSE (1739-1816) was also an anatomist.


Subduction of name plates

The southern end of the subduction zone transitions to a right lateral-moving transform fault south of the North Island called the Alpine Fault. The subduction seems to be driven primarily by the excess weight of the cold/old oceanic plate entering the hot mantle of the Earth.


Bibliography of name plates

Handbook, 1969, revised in 1978, Marine Shells of Southern California

Geiger D. L. & McLean J. H. (10 February 2010) "New species and records of Scissurellidae and Anatomidae from the Americas (Mollusca: Gastropoda: Vetigastropoda)". Zootaxa 2356: 1-35, 24 plates. preview.


Biography of name plates

Jacobson was born in St Petersburg, and in 1893 he graduated from St Petersburg University's Physics and Mathematics faculty. He was a zoologist at the Zoological Museum of the Russian Academy of Sciences. He was posted to different parts of Russia to study its insects. He published papers mainly on the systematics and zoogeography of Chrysomelidae beetles


Ephemeris of name plates

1990: CA Progreso used Estadio Saroldi, as it home stadium, for 1990 Copa Libertadores.

1996 and 1998: River Plate played its Copa Conmebol matches against Porongos, Huracn Buceo and Rosario Central.

2003: The stadium was also used by the Teros for 2003 Rugby World Cup's qualification matches during 2002


Geology of name plates

The Nootka Fault lies between the Explorer Plate in the north and Juan de Fuca Plate in south. These are remnants of the once vast Farallon Plate. The fault is at the triple junction of the North American, Explorer, and Juan de Fuca plates.

Near the Nootka Fault is an active undersea mud volcano named Maquinna.


Woodcuts of name plates

Creation of Eve.

Eve giving Adam the apple.

David and Bathsheba.

Queen of Sheba before Solomon.

The Last Supper.

SS. Jerome, Matthew, Mark, Luke, John, Paul, James the Great.

John the Baptist in Prison.

Twenty-one pieces from the Revelation.

Caricature of Luther with Seven Heads, 1529


Travels of name plates

Motschulskys travels included:

1836 - France, Switzerland and the Alps, northern Italy and Austria

1839-1840 - Russian Caucasus, Astrakhan, Kazan and Siberia

1847 - Khirgizia

1850-1851 - Germany, Austria, Egypt, India, France, England, Belgium and Dalmatia

1853 - United States of America, Panama, returning to St. Petersburg via Hamburg, Kiel and Copenhagen

1853 - Germany, Switzerland and Austria


Genus- Aquilonastra of name plates

Aquilonastra chantalae belongs to the genus Aquilonastra. Organisms within the genus Aquilonastra typically have five rays, commonly called arms. However, fissiparous species, those that reproduce by fission, can have from five to eight. Those of this genus resemble stars, with their inter-radial margins being incurved significantly.


Sport of name plates

Backstop (baseball), a screen behind a field's home plate

Catcher, a defensive baseball position behind home plate

Backstop, a player position in rounders similar to the catcher in baseball

Backstop, in the glossary of rowing terms


Taxa of name plates

Taxa named by Lessona include:

Ariunculus Lessona, 1881

Tandonia Lessona & Pollonera, 1882

Ariunculus isselii Lessona & Pollonera, 1882

Ariunculus speziae Lessona, 1881

Deroceras panormitanum (Lessona & Pollonera, 1882)

Falkneria camerani (Lessona, 1880)

Lehmannia melitensis (Lessona & Pollonera, 1882)

Lehmannia rupicola Lessona & Pollonera, 1882

Limax subalpinus Lessona, 1880

Limax veronensis Lessona & Pollonera, 1882

Phenacolimax stabilei (Lessona, 1880)


Geographic range of name plates

The approximately 40 species in the genus Acanthodactylus are native to a wide area in North Africa, southern Europe and Western Asia; across the Sahara Desert, to the Iberian Peninsula, and east through the Arabian Peninsula, to Afghanistan and western India.


Affiliated clubs of name plates

There are currently 34 full member adult clubs affiliated with the Sussex RFU, most of which have teams at both senior and junior level and are based in East Sussex or West Sussex.


Honours of name plates

In June 1951, she was awarded the Territorial Efficiency Decoration (TD) for long service in the reserves.

In 1965, she was awarded the Bronze Wolf, the only distinction of the World Organization of the Scout Movement, awarded by the World Scout Committee "for exceptional services to world Scouting".


Music of name plates

"Goa", a track from the Frank Zappa album Guitar

Goa trance, a form of electronic music that originated during the late 1980s in Goa, India

Go A, a music band representing Ukraine at the Eurovision Song Contest 2020


Military figures of name plates

John Nixon (Massachusetts) (17271815), Continental Army general from Massachusetts during the American Revolution

John Nixon (financier) (17331808), Philadelphia merchant and militia officer during the American Revolution

John Nixon (Indian Army officer) (18571921), lieutenant general in the British Indian Army


Subspecies of name plates

Two subspecies are recognized including the nominate race.

Xenocalamus mechowii inornatus de Witte & Laurent, 1947

Xenocalamus mechowii mechowii W. Peters, 1881Intergrades of these two subspecies can be found in North-Western Province, Zambia.


Gallery of name plates

Teller mine on Utah beach. Intended to explode against landing craft at high tide.

British engineers removing the charges which the Germans had set to blow the Nijmegen bridge, September 1944

Tellermine 43 anti-tank mine


Career statistics of name plates


InternationalFIFA World Cup appearancesHe appeared in 2 games during the 1994 FIFA World Cup.

30 June 1994: Argentina Bulgaria 02 ( In the 67th minute he replaced Leonardo Rodriguez )

3 July 1994: Romania Argentina 32 ( In the 63rd minute he replaced Roberto Sensini )


Anatomy of name plates

Stensioella heintzi has an elongated body, a whip-like tail, and long, wing-like pectoral fins. In life, the animal would have looked vaguely like an elongated ratfish. Like the sympatric Gemuendina, S. heintzi had armor made up of a complex mosaic of small, scale-like tubercles.


Arts and entertainment of name plates

Hu Sanniang, a fictional character in the Water Margin, one of the Four Great Classical Novels of Chinese literature

Tian Hu, one of the antagonists in the Water Margin

Hollywood Undead, an American rap rock band

The Hu, a Mongolian heavy metal band

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